The National Security Agency has been recording and archiving “nearly all” domestic and international phone calls in Afghanistan as of last year, according to the antisecrecy website WikiLeaks.
Following through on a promise made earlier in the week, WikiLeaks revealed Friday the identity of what it says is “Country X,” a previously unnamed country that journalism reports have said was subject to an NSA surveillance program that allows agents to listen in to the entirety of its telephone conversations.
The country’s identity had been censored by multiple journalism outlets because of requests from U.S. intelligence officials, who claimed its disclosure could significantly jeopardize national security and lead to deaths.
But WikiLeaks, which is known for an aggressive disclosure policy that rarely favors redaction, dismissed such concerns.
“Both The Washington Post and The Intercept stated that they had censored the name of the victim country at the request of the U.S. government,” WikiLeaks said in a statement. “By denying an entire population the knowledge of its own victimization, this act of censorship denies each individual in that country the opportunity to seek an effective remedy, whether in international courts, or elsewhere.”
If true, the disclosure that the U.S. government is able to listen to almost any phone conversation in Afghanistan could have substantial ramifications for international relations.
The program in question is codenamed MYSTIC and was formed in 2009 to allow NSA analysts to rewind and play back phone conversations taking place within the previous 30 days. The program has been described by one official as a “time machine” that opens a “door into the past,” allowing a full replay of the voices on any given call, without the need for prior identification of those on the line.
Earlier in the week, WikiLeaks began a heated debate on Twitter with journalist Glenn Greenwald, a confidant of NSA whistle-blower Edward Snowden. Greenwald is believed to be one of only two people to possess all of the Snowden files. WikiLeaks took issue with a new report from The Intercept, Greenwald’s new journalism endeavor, that revealed that the U.S. was covertly recording the conversations of “virtually every cellphone conversation” in the Bahamas, in addition to its content-vacuuming efforts in Country X.
Ignoring pleas from Greenwald that he and his fellow journalists were “very convinced” that naming the country would lead to deaths, WikiLeaks abruptly threatened to disclose its identity.
It remains unclear how the website would possess such top-secret information. On Friday, it refused to give further detail.
“Although, for reasons of source protection we cannot disclose how, WikiLeaks has confirmed that the identity of victim state is Afghanistan,” WikiLeaks wrote. “This can also be independently verified through forensic scrutiny of imperfectly applied censorship on related documents released to date and correlations with other NSA programs.”
The NSA did not immediately respond to a request for comment. But in a statement provided to National Journal in March, the agency said it “does not conduct signals intelligence collection in any country, or anywhere in the world, unless it is necessary to advance U.S. national security and foreign policy interests.”
Greenwald and other journalists with knowledge of the NSA’s classified programs have not yet commented on the veracity of WikiLeaks’s naming of Afghanistan.
What We're Following See More »
"Senate GOP leaders picked up support Wednesday for their plan to pass a scaled-back bill to repeal a handful of elements in the current health law, and then open negotiations with House Republicans to try to bring together their two very different bills."
"Paul Manafort, who served as a top aide to President Trump’s 2016 campaign, on Tuesday provided congressional investigators notes he took during a Trump Tower meeting with a Russian lawyer that has emerged as a focus in the investigation of Russian interference in the election. Manafort’s submission, which came as he was interviewed in a closed session by staff members for the Senate Intelligence Committee, could offer a key contemporaneous account of the June 2016 session."
By the narrowest of margins, the Senate voted 51-50 this afternoon to begin debate on the House's legislation to repeal and replace Obamacare. Sens. Lisa Murkowski and Susan Collins defected from the GOP, but Vice President Pence broke a tie. Sen. John McCain returned from brain surgery to cast his vote.