With the House out this week, the Senate is poised to put its energy debate in the rearview mirror and move tax extenders to the top of its list.
The Senate will take up Senate Finance Committee Chairman Ron Wyden’s tax-extenders legislation after passing it out of committee last month, and just days after the House passed a bill to make the so-called R&D tax credit permanent.
The House and Senate are pursuing different approaches to tax extenders, with the Senate putting dozens of the provisions into one bill while the House follows a more piecemeal strategy.
The Senate’s Expire Act would cut government revenues by $81.3 billion over 10 years and increase deficits by $84.1 billion, according to Congressional Budget Office estimates. It would extend several dozen provisions through December 2015.
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid filed a procedural motion on the House bill last week, setting up a possible vote on the Senate Finance Committee markup later in the week.
Also taking place in Congress this week:
- The Senate Foreign Relations Committee will consider a host of nominees, including two for key international economic posts: Mark Sobel to serve as an executive director of the International Monetary Fund and Sunil Sabharwal to serve as an alternate director at the IMF.
- The Senate will hold a procedural vote Tuesday or Wednesday on a House bill to tweak the Affordable Care Act employer mandate for veteran employees. The Hire More Heroes Act of 2014 would allow employers to leave veterans out of the 50-count threshold to qualify for the employer mandate, as long as they have health insurance through TRICARE, the federal health program for veterans. The bill passed the House in March.
- On Wednesday, the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee will mark up the Strong Start for America’s Children Act, a bill that directs the Education secretary to allot grants to state and local authorities for low-income families.
- Leading up to the Senate Appropriations Committee’s markups later this month, there are a pair of subpanel hearings this week. On Wednesday, the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee will hold a hearing on research and innovation. And the Financial Services and General Government Appropriations Subcommittee is holding a hearing on the integrity of financial markets and the needs of the agencies that regulate them.
- Also on Wednesday, the Senate Rules Committee is holding a hearing on the use of election data.
As a coda to the energy and Keystone XL pipeline debate from last week, the Senate will vote Monday to end debate over the energy-efficiency bill sponsored by Sens. Rob Portman and Jeanne Shaheen. It looks unlikely that enough Republicans will vote with Democrats to end debate and get to an up-or-down vote on the bipartisan measure, GOP aides say.
Such a defeat would mark the second time the legislation, which has broad support in both parties, went down for procedural reasons. Last year, senators could not agree over which amendments — or indeed, whether any amendments — would make the cut. This time, too, the fight is over amendments.
If the bill goes down, Republicans say, the reason is that Reid will not allow them to make even germane amendments to the legislation. Last year, the issue was a non-germane Obamacare amendment. In this round, Republicans said they had only relevant amendments, but Reid still rebuffed them.
Reid put another offer on the table: a binding vote on the Keystone XL pipeline in exchange for passage of the energy bill. But Republicans rejected that offer as an affront to their right to offer amendments in the Senate. If enough Republicans don’t vote for cloture, then Reid will say they’ve filibustered the bill, a claim he has already made.
Focus on Veterans
The Senate Veterans’ Affairs Committee will hold a full committee hearing on “The State of VA Health Care” on Thursday.
The Veterans Affairs Department has been under scrutiny recently amid allegations that delays in care at VA hospitals have led to veteran deaths. The House Veterans’ Affairs Committee voted Thursday to subpoena VA Secretary Eric Shinseki, and Shinseki ordered an audit of every VA clinic later that day.
The Senate HELP Committee will also hold a hearing looking into tobacco use and regulation. The issue has received significant attention recently with the Food and Drug Administration’s recent release of long-awaited proposed guidelines to regulate e-cigarettes.
ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
In addition to the energy bill and Keystone drama expected on the Senate floor, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee will wade into confirmation hearings Tuesday.
The panel will convene to vet the nominations of Suzette Kimball to become the director of the U.S. Geological Survey; Estevan Lopez as commissioner of the Bureau of Reclamation; and Monica Regalbuto as the Energy Department’s assistant secretary for environmental management.
On the armed-services front, most of the action will take place behind the scenes this week on the committees’ No. 1 priority: the National Defense Authorization Act.
With the House out, staff will be working to prepare for the floor fights ahead on the $600 billion annual bill, which is expected to hit the floor when lawmakers return and will decide which weapons systems, benefits programs, and defense priorities the Pentagon must keep or cut.
In the Senate, work will continue behind the scenes too, with the Armed Services Committee preparing for its markup of the bill next week. Among the issues that are certain to come up are the fate of the A-10 attack plane, which the Pentagon wants to retire but many members in Congress want to keep, and the fate of proposed cuts in service-member benefits that the House panel voted to nix.
Spotlighting Net Neutrality
The Federal Communications Commission will vote Thursday on whether to move ahead with controversial net-neutrality regulations that would allow Internet service providers to charge websites extra for faster service.
Liberals fear the new rules would tilt the Internet in favor of the largest corporations and stifle free speech. The FCC is drafting the new rules after a federal court struck down stronger regulations earlier this year.
Also at Thursday’s meeting, the FCC will vote on whether to cap the ability of AT&T and Verizon to bid in an upcoming auction of wireless spectrum licenses.
On the Road
President Obama will spend two days this week at the White House before hitting the road again to raise money for Democrats.
On Monday, he meets with President Jose Mujica Cordano of Uruguay in the morning and will honor police who have won Top Cops awards in the afternoon. On Tuesday, he will award the Medal of Honor to Kyle J. White, a former active-duty Army sergeant, in honor of his courageous actions in Afghanistan in 2007.
Then it’s off to New York on Wednesday to raise political money. On Thursday, he will talk about the economy and help dedicate the National September 11 Memorial & Museum.
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When it comes to name-calling among America's upper echelon of politicians, there may be perhaps no greater spat than the one currently going on between Sen. Elizabeth Warren and Donald Trump. While receiving an award Tuesday night, she continued a months-long feud with the presumptive GOP presidential nominee. Calling him a "small, insecure moneygrubber" who probably doesn't know three things about Dodd-Frank, she said he "will NEVER be president of the United States," according to her prepared remarks."We don't know what Trump pays in taxes because he is the first presidential nominee in 40 years to refuse to disclose his tax returns. Maybe he’s just a lousy businessman who doesn’t want you to find out that he’s worth a lot less money than he claims." It follows a long-line of Warren attacks over Twitter, Facebook and in interviews that Trump is a sexist, racist, narcissistic loser. In reply, Trump has called Warren either "goofy" or "the Indian"—referring to her controversial assertion of her Native American heritage.
The House on Tuesday voted 403-12 "to pass an overhaul to the nation’s chemical safety standards for the first time in four decades. The Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act aims to answer years of complaints that the Environmental Protection Agency lacks the necessary authority to oversee and control the thousands of chemicals being produced and sold in the United States. It also significantly clamps down on states’ authorities, in an effort to stop a nationwide patchwork of chemical laws that industry says is difficult to deal with."
"Leaders of the Republican Party have begun internal deliberations over making fundamental changes to the way its presidential nominees are chosen, a recognition that the chaotic process that played out this year is seriously flawed and helped exacerbate tensions within the party." Among the possible changes: forbidding independent voters to cast ballots in Republican primaries, and "doubling the number of early states to eight."
Citing the unpredictable nature of this primary season and the possible leverage they could bring at the convention, John Kasich is hanging onto his 161 delegates. "Kasich sent personal letters Monday to Republican officials in the 16 states and the District of Columbia where he won delegates, requesting that they stay bound to him in accordance with party rules."
"Speaker Paul Ryan is changing the rules of how the House will consider spending measures to try to prevent Democrats from offering surprise amendments that have recently put the GOP on defense. ... Ryan announced at a House GOP conference meeting Tuesday morning that members will now have to submit their amendments ahead of time so that they are pre-printed in the Congressional Record, according to leadership aides." The change will take effect after the Memorial Day recess.