Report: Iran Still Faces Large Hurdles to Reach Final Nuclear Deal

The analysis comes as the interim agreement on the country’s nuclear program went into effect this week.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry (2nd L), European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton (C ) and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (2ndR) wait prior to a meeting on November 9, 2013, on the third day of talks on Iran's nuclear programme at the Intercontinental Hotel in Geneva Switzerland. Crunch talks between Iran and world powers stretched into an unscheduled third day on November 9 as top diplomats pushed for a deal to end the decade-old standoff over Iran's nuclear programme. 
National Journal
Jordain Carney
Add to Briefcase
Jordain Carney
Jan. 21, 2014, 8:36 a.m.

The Ir­a­ni­an gov­ern­ment agreed to curb its urani­um en­rich­ment un­der the in­ter­im agree­ment that went in­to ef­fect Monday, but that’s a just small be­gin­ning to lar­ger steps it would likely need to take as part of a long-term deal.

That’s the as­sess­ment in the re­port from the In­sti­tute for Sci­ence and In­ter­na­tion­al Se­cur­ity re­leased Monday. The IS­IS based its con­clu­sions on talks with seni­or U.S. of­fi­cials.

Ac­cord­ing to the re­port, the Ir­a­ni­an gov­ern­ment would likely have to make a num­ber of modi­fic­a­tions in­clud­ing:

  • Shift­ing the un­der-con­struc­tion, heavy-wa­ter re­act­or in Arak to a light-wa­ter re­act­or. The re­act­or — which has been a source of ten­sion between the Ir­a­ni­an gov­ern­ment and West­ern of­fi­cials — would en­rich be­low 5 per­cent for iso­tope urani­um 235. Urani­um 235, if en­riched enough, can be used in a weapon.

  • Not stock­pil­ing en­riched urani­um bey­ond what is needed for a peace­ful ci­vil­ian pro­gram.

  • For at least 20 years, lim­it­ing its en­rich­ment to one nuc­le­ar site and shut­ting down its cur­rent site at For­dow, or con­vert­ing it to a “non-cent­ri­fuge-re­lated site.” Cent­ri­fuges are a key part of the urani­um-en­rich­ment pro­cess.

  • Cent­ri­fuges will be lim­ited; and ex­cess cent­ri­fuges will be re­moved from nuc­le­ar sites at Natanz and For­dow. The In­ter­na­tion­al Atom­ic En­ergy Agency will be re­spons­ible for mon­it­or­ing the cent­ri­fuges.

  • For at least 20 years, caps should be placed on the amount of 20 per­cent low-en­riched urani­um ox­ide that Ir­an pos­sesses. The ma­ter­i­al can eas­ily be con­ver­ted to hex­a­flu­or­ide, needed to cre­ate fuel for an atom­ic bomb.

Some of the pro­vi­sions are meas­ured on a 20-year timeline be­cause, ac­cord­ing to the re­port, that is the min­im­um amount of time the in­ter­na­tion­al com­munity needs to feel con­fid­ent in treat­ing Ir­an like oth­er non-nuc­le­ar coun­tries that fol­low the Nuc­le­ar Non­pro­lif­er­a­tion Treaty.

Dav­id Al­bright, a former U.N. weapons in­spect­or who leads IS­IS, told The Wall Street Journ­alwhich was giv­en ex­clus­ive ac­cess to the re­port — “Our re­quire­ments are a far cry from what Ir­an wants. The ne­go­ti­ations are go­ing to be really tough. We don’t see ourselves as sketch­ing an ex­treme case, however.”

The re­port comes as the IAEA an­nounced Ir­an has agreed to an in­spec­tion sched­ule of its nuc­le­ar fa­cil­it­ies, slowed con­struc­tion on the Arak heavy-wa­ter re­act­or, and be­gun us­ing cent­ri­fuges pre­vi­ously used to en­rich urani­um to 20 per­cent for 5-per­cent en­riched urani­um.

Of­fi­cials have said talks at reach­ing a long-term deal on Ir­an’s nuc­le­ar pro­gram could start next month.

What We're Following See More »
WROTE LAW THAT WEAKENED OPIOID OVERSIGHT
Trump: Marino Withdrawing Nomination for Drug Czar
21 hours ago
THE LATEST
Doesn’t Express Confidence in Marino
Trump to Declare Opioid Emergency Next Week
1 days ago
THE LATEST

After initially promising it in August, "President Trump said Monday that he will declare a national emergency next week to address the opioid epidemic." When asked, he also "declined to express confidence in Rep. Tom Marino (R-Pa.), his nominee for drug czar, in the wake of revelations that the lawmaker helped steer legislation making it harder to act against giant drug companies."

Source:
IN LIGHT OF 60 MINUTES REVELATIONS
Manchin Asks Trump to Drop Marino’s Nomination for Drug Czar
1 days ago
THE LATEST
WOULD OVERTURN MARINO LEGISLATION ON DRUG DISTRIBUTORS
McCaskill Will Introduce Bill in Response to “60 Minutes” Scoop
1 days ago
THE DETAILS

In the wake of Sunday's blockbuster 60 Minutes/Washington Post report on opioid regulation and enforcement, Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-MO) has introduced legislation that "would repeal a 2016 law that hampered the Drug Enforcement Administration’s ability to regulate opioid distributors it suspects of misconduct." In a statement, McCaskill said: “Media reports indicate that this law has significantly affected the government’s ability to crack down on opioid distributors that are failing to meet their obligations and endangering our communities."

Source:
EVACUATION DRILL STARTS NEXT MONDAY
U.S. Military to Practice Evacuating Americans in S. Korea
1 days ago
THE LATEST

"The United States military said on Monday that it would practice evacuating noncombatant Americans out of South Korea in the event of war and other emergencies, as the two allies began a joint naval exercise amid heightened tensions with North Korea. The evacuation drill, known as Courageous Channel, is scheduled from next Monday through Friday and is aimed at preparing American 'service members and their families to respond to a wide range of crisis management events such as noncombatant evacuation and natural or man-made disasters,' the United States military said in a statement."

Source:
×
×

Welcome to National Journal!

You are currently accessing National Journal from IP access. Please login to access this feature. If you have any questions, please contact your Dedicated Advisor.

Login