Facing international pressure, the U.S. government said Friday it will give up control over important technical aspects of the Internet.
The Commerce Department will no longer oversee the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers, a nonprofit group that manages the Internet’s address system.
Larry Strickling, the assistant secretary of Commerce for communications and information, said the “global Internet community” will have the final say over the database of names and addresses that allows computers around the world to communicate with each other.
The Internet was invented in the United States, and the country has long maintained a central role. But as the Internet has grown, other countries have demanded a greater voice in its governance.
Edward Snowden’s leaks about the National Security Agency’s mass-surveillance programs have exacerbated resentment over the central role of the United States in managing the Internet.
But officials argued the transition is not a response to the international controversy over NSA spying. Strickling said the U.S. oversight of the Internet’s domain system was always meant to be temporary.
“The timing is right to start the transition process,” he said. “We look forward to ICANN convening stakeholders across the global Internet community to craft an appropriate transition plan.”
Fadi Chehadé, the president and CEO of ICANN, said he will work with governments, businesses, and nonprofits to establish a new system for managing the Internet’s domain system.
“All stakeholders deserve a voice in the management and governance of this global resource as equal partners,” he said.
The U.S. government will continue its role until its current contract with ICANN expires in September 2015.
Strickling said ICANN’s proposal must meet certain criteria, including that it “maintain the openness of the Internet” and preserve security and stability. He insisted that foreign governments and intergovernmental groups will not gain new powers over the Internet.
But some business groups are nervous about what the transition will mean.
Daniel Castro, an analyst for the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, a pro-business think tank, warned that giving up the traditional U.S. oversight role could result in “a splintered Internet that would stifle innovation, commerce, and the free flow and diversity of ideas that are bedrock tenets of world’s biggest economic engine.”
Bob Liodice, the CEO of the Association of National Advertisers, said he is “very disappointed” with the announcement. His group has battled with ICANN for several years over its plan to allow for thousands of new Web address endings beyond the traditional “.com” and “.org.”
“We saw the U.S. relax accountability with the recent domain name expansion,” he said. “In a world without U.S. oversight, we worry that such issues will be further aggravated potentially causing significant economic concerns, consumer confusion and impairment to brand ownership.”
Sen. Jay Rockefeller, the Democratic chairman of the Senate Commerce Committee, has been a frequent critic of ICANN’s decisions. But he said Friday that the announcement is consistent with U.S. efforts to ensure the Internet is free from government control.
“Since 1998, the U.S. has been committed to transitioning management of the Internet’s domain name system to an independent entity that reflects the broad diversity of the global Internet community,” he said.
What We're Following See More »
Following their meeting, President Enrique Peña Nieto of Mexico and Republican nominee for president, Donald Trump, briefly addressed the media, with Peña Nieto subtly rebuking Trump's rhetoric. While he spoke respectfully about Trump, Peña Nieto did not back down, saying that free trade has proved effective and that illegal immigration into America from the south has decreased over the last ten years while the flow of people and drugs into Mexico has increased. Additionally, he stressed that Mexicans in America are "honest" and "deserve respect." Trump responded, calling some Mexicans "tremendous people" while saying others are "beyond reproach." Trump laid out five important issues, including the end of illegal immigration and the ability for either country to build a wall or border. However, Trump said he did not discuss who would pay for the wall.
A divided Supreme Court "refused Wednesday to reinstate North Carolina’s voter identification requirement and keep just 10 days of early in-person voting. The court rejected a request by Gov. Pat McCrory and other state officials to delay a lower court ruling that found the state law was tainted by racial discrimination."
Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Chuck Grassley (R-IA) said Monday he'd now be willing to hold a hearing on Supreme Court nominee Merrick Garland in a lame-duck session of Congress. While he said he wouldn't push for it, he said if "Hillary Clinton wins the White House, and a majority of senators convinced him to do so," he would soften his previous opposition.