Obese or overweight women are at increased risk of developing ovarian cancer, according to a new report.
A body mass index increase by five points in women correlated to a 6 percent increase in risk of ovarian cancer, according to findings from the American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund. Of the 4 million women who participated in the studies that make up the report, 16,000 developed ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer joins a growing list of deadly diseases linked to excess body fat, including postmenopausal breast cancer, colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer, esophageal cancer, kidney cancer, gallbladder cancer, and pancreatic cancer. The AICR estimates that maintaining a healthy weight could prevent 120,900 cancer cases each year.
Two-thirds of women in the United States are overweight or obese, according to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Ovarian cancer is the most deadly gynecological cancer in the United States, killing 14,000 women each year.
The two groups funded the peer-reviewed report. The report and recommendations were produced after the groups' panel evaluated the findings from literature reviews conducted independently by Imperial College, London.