Russia on Thursday conducted a nuclear response drill involving the launches of land- and sea-based missiles, amid continuing tensions with the West.
President Vladimir Putin supervised the nuclear exercise, which he asserted had been in the works since November -- months before friction with NATO skyrocketed over Russia's incursion into Ukraine, the Associated Press reported.
The drill involved the simulation of a large-scale retaliatory nuclear attack in response to a strike on Russia, according to Russian news reports. As part of the exercise, a Topol intercontinental ballistic missile was fired from the Plesetsk launch facility in the northwestern part of the country, and two submarines assigned to the Pacific and Northern fleets test-fired long-range ballistic missiles, according to the Russian defense ministry.
Putin supervised the exercise from defense ministry headquarters where he was accompanied by the presidents of Belarus, Armenia, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
Tensions between Russia and NATO have risen to their highest point since the end of the Cold War. U.S. European Command head Gen. Philip Breedlove on Tuesday said the alliance would weigh whether to permanently base military personnel in Eastern Europe as a response to events in Ukraine.
Were NATO to take that step, Russia could retaliate by fielding tactical Iskander missiles in the Kaliningrad exclave, which borders multiple alliance countries, the former head of the Russian defense ministry's international agreements department told RIA Novosti.
"Russia is a nuclear power," Lt. Gen. Yevgeny Buzhinsky said. "If NATO becomes more active, we will deploy a division of Iskander missiles in [the] Kaliningrad region.
Moscow has warned repeatedly over the years that it could deploy the ballistic missile to its exclave, which is situated between Poland and Lithuania. The latter country earlier this week said Russia had unilaterally suspended a bilateral agreement that permits Lithuania to inspect Russian forces in Kaliningrad.
This article was published in Global Security Newswire, which is produced independently by National Journal Group under contract with the Nuclear Threat Initiative. NTI is a nonprofit, nonpartisan group working to reduce global threats from nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.