The countries are at odds over exactly where the boundary falls in certain Himalayan mountain areas. In 1962, tensions between the sides flared into a short-lived conflict.
Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said he and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang "agreed that peace and tranquility on our borders must remain the foundation for growth of the India-China relationship, even as we move forward the negotiations toward a fair, reasonable and mutual acceptable settlement to the India-China boundary question," the BBC reported.
The newly signed arrangement calls for new equipment to facilitate contact between military commanders from the two countries, according to the Post. The deal also bans personnel on either side from "tailing" the other country's patrolmen.