Congress heads into more turbulence this week with controversies over the Veterans Affairs Department, the Bowe Bergdahl prisoner swap, and a looming highway-funding crisis all coming to the fore.
Senate Veterans' Affairs Committee Chairman Bernie Sanders and Sen. John McCain are ironing out a plan to address delays in care at VA medical centers, and once they agree on the details their bill is expected to be hotlined toward a floor vote.
Both the Senate and House Armed Services committees will dig into the debate surrounding the Bergdahl release in exchange for five senior Taliban detainees. The Senate panel gets the first crack with a hearing Tuesday featuring testimony from Deputy Defense Secretary Robert Work and several other Pentagon officials. The House committee follows suit on Wednesday with a hearing at which Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel is scheduled to appear.
Meanwhile, a House and Senate standoff seems imminent as leaders in each chamber push radically different plans for replenishing—at least for a few months—the nation's Highway Trust Fund. It is projected to go dry by early August at the height of the construction season, potentially halting thousands of infrastructure projects—and hundreds of thousands of jobs.
Senate Finance Committee Chairman Ron Wyden says "failure is not an option." But Senate Democrats are already dismissing the House GOP's plan that involves finding money by cutting back Postal Service deliveries on Saturdays. Members of Wyden's panel are to discuss their preferred short-term and longer-term options this week. House Majority Leader Eric Cantor counters that "a lot of misinformation" is circulating about the Postal Service idea.
Here's what else Congress is up to this week:
—The House on Monday evening is to begin debating a list of amendments to its version of the fiscal 2015 Transportation/Housing and Urban Development funding bill, with a final vote on the bill possible by late Tuesday. A final vote is also expected later in the week on the House's Agriculture appropriations bill.
—The House Foreign Affairs Committee is to hold a hearing Tuesday on challenges in confirming Iran's nuclear compliance, and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee holds a Thursday hearing on the implications of a nuclear deal with Iran.
—The House is to vote this week on three more tax-credit extenders. Those items would make permanent small-business expensing at 2013 levels and would address two provisions in the tax code for S corporations.
—The Senate on Monday will cast procedural votes for M. Hannah Lauck to be a U.S. district judge for the Eastern District of Virginia; Leo Sorokin to be a U.S. district judge in Massachusetts; and Richard Franklin Boulware II to be a U.S. district judge in Nevada.
—Two Senate committees are holding hearings Wednesday on the nomination of Shaun Donovan to be director of the Office of Management and Budget.
—The Senate might take up a student-loan bill that forms a part of the Democratic caucus's election-year-themed agenda. The bill would allow college graduates with high outstanding student-loan rates to refinance at 3.86 percent, the level set for some government-backed loans in last summer's legislation. Sen. Elizabeth Warren's bill pays for the cost to the government by enacting a tax on millionaires.
House Appropriations Committee leaders late last week still weren't sure how many amendments to the $52 billion Transportation/Housing and Urban Development funding bill might be taken up under the open floor rule. There could be dozens.
Passage of the bill is anticipated, though last year the 2014 version of the so-called THUD bill was pulled from the floor due to lack of support. Later in the week, the House is to take up the $20.9 billion Agriculture funding bill.
That will bring to five the number of annual spending bills finalized in the House, out of 12 that need to be completed for the fiscal year that begins Oct. 1. In addition, the House Appropriations Committee is expected to hold full markups of the Defense and Homeland Security appropriations bills on Tuesday and Wednesday.
The Senate has yet to bring any of its versions of the 12 annual spending bills to the floor, and none are on the floor agenda this week. But appropriators there will continue their markups, taking up what could be the most divisive measure in the Labor/Health and Human Services bill this week. Majority Leader Harry Reid and Appropriations Committee Chairwoman Barbara Mikulski have set aside two weeks later this month and two weeks in July for floor consideration of the spending bills.
But with the summertime recesses ahead, there is reason to doubt that two-chamber agreements on all 12 bills can be reached before Oct. 1. Lawmakers may have to again adopt an omnibus or continuing resolution to keep some government agencies and programs funded until some later date, most likely in a lame-duck session after the Nov. 4 election.
DEFENSE and NATIONAL SECURITY
More VA Scrutiny
The agreement announced last week between Sanders and McCain on VA reform would expand veterans' access to private doctors, community health care facilities, and Defense Department medical facilities.
It would seek to provide better accountability at the beleaguered Veterans Affairs Department by allowing for the immediate firing of senior managers, but as a check on that authority there would be an expedited appeals process. The deal also includes money for hiring new medical personnel, and would clear the VA to lease 26 new facilities to expand access to care.
Meanwhile, the House Veterans' Affairs Committee plans to keep pressure on the brewing scandal with a hearing Monday on VA access to health care and records falsification with officials from the VA inspector general's office, the Government Accountability Office, and the VA.
The Senate Foreign Relations Committee's planned Thursday hearing on the implications of a nuclear deal with Iran comes after a bipartisan group of senators had called for stricter sanctions against the Islamic Republic, which Reid ultimately blocked from consideration because of the White House's contrary view of the proposed measures.
On Monday, the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee will hold a hearing on border security. This comes as the immigration overhaul legislation that passed the Senate remains stalled in the House. Cantor did not include any mention of the bill in a memo Friday on the House's June agenda.
ENERGY and ENVIRONMENT
Climate Debate … Maybe
Democratic climate hawks in the Senate are hoping this week to square off against conservatives in a battle of words over global warming, but they may not get their wish.
Five members of the Senate Climate Action Task Force—including coalition leaders Sens. Sheldon Whitehouse of Rhode Island and Barbara Boxer of California—plan to hold the floor Monday evening to talk about the need for action on climate change.
The Democrats sent an invitation to all 45 Senate Republicans asking them to join in the debate. But so far, none of them have made a firm commitment to take the task force members up on the offer, according to a Senate Democratic aide.
On Tuesday, the House Appropriations Committee will begin work in marking up its spending bill for energy and water programs. Previous iterations have included cuts to President Obama's clean-energy programs that made them nonstarters for Democrats.
Bob Perciasepe, deputy administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, is set to defend the administration's changes to its Clean Water Act jurisdiction Wednesday before the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee. The committee will also hear from agriculture interests, utilities, and clean-water groups about the impact of the proposed expansion of what bodies of water EPA can regulate.
Newly confirmed Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell is to be sworn in Monday, according to an HHS aide.
The former Office of Management and Budget director was approved by the Senate Thursday on a 78-17 vote, with 24 Republicans supporting her nomination. Her confirmation was an unusually smooth process, with most Republicans declining to turn the vote into a fight over the health care law.
The House Ways and Means Committee is set to hold a hearing Tuesday on "the government's ability to verify income and insurance information, ensure accuracy of premium tax credits, and the likely effect of these challenges on the 2015 tax-filing season."
The hearing accompanies legislation introduced by Republican Rep. Diane Black of Tennessee last week called the No Subsidies Without Verification Act of 2014. Both come in response to reports of discrepancies in about 2 million applications, which could impact coverage and subsidy payments if the government does not resolve the inconsistencies.
The House Energy and Commerce Health Subcommittee will hold its second hearing on "21st Century Cures," an initiative through which members hope to find out what Congress can do to advance research on medical treatments and cures.
The subcommittee will meet again Thursday for a hearing called "The President's Health Care Law Does Not Equal Health Care Access." Few details have been released, but Republicans plan to argue that Affordable Care Act requirements limit access to doctors and prescription drugs.
The House Energy and Commerce Communications and Technology Subcommittee will examine media ownership regulations at a hearing Wednesday. Republicans have criticized new Federal Communications Commission rules that bar one TV station from selling advertising for another station.
Welcome to Cannonball
Obama is back from his European trip but will be on the road most of this week with two commencement addresses, some political fundraising, and a visit to an Indian reservation.
The president on Monday will be at the White House for an event honoring working fathers. On Wednesday, he will speak at graduation ceremonies for Worcester Technical High School and will have a fundraiser for the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee in Weston, Mass.
On Friday, he heads to Cannonball, N.D., to visit the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation. From there, he goes to California where on Saturday he will attend a Democratic National Committee event in Laguna Beach and be the commencement speaker at the University of California (Irvine). He is to spend Saturday night and Sunday in Palm Springs.
Michael Catalini, Stacy Kaper, Clare Foran, Jason Plautz, Sophie Novack, Brendan Sasso, and George E. Condon Jr. contributed to this article.
This article appears in the June 8, 2014 edition of NJ Daily.