A federal court on Tuesday overthrew federal rules to enforce what is known as network neutrality, the principle that all Internet traffic should receive free and equal service. Now, with those rules on ice, Internet carriers such as Verizon and Comcast can charge websites for faster service — or even block some data from entering all together.
So what does that mean for your surfing?
For now, not much. The ruling mostly affects the scope of the Federal Communication Commission’s authority to regulate the Internet. It won’t be until if and when Internet providers begin to experiment with new pricing schemes that the changes start — and even then it will be websites, and not individual users, that absorb most of the impact.
But make no mistake, if the FCC’s rules really are gone and stay gone, Internet users will feel it.
Take Netflix. The website is a bandwidth glutton, as its streaming service requires massive amounts of information to pass through the Web. That could prove pricey now that Internet providers are permitted to charge more, and that bill would likely be passed on to consumers when it came time to pay their monthly subscription fees.
Netflix, like other video-streaming services, is particularly vulnerable because not only does it use significantly more data than other websites, it competes directly with Internet providers’ cable offerings.
“The way to think about [Internet] providers is that they own the driveway to your house,” said John Blevins, associate professor of law at the Loyola University New Orleans College of Law. “What this decision does is, it effectively enables a provider to act like a bouncer and dictate what data [go] into your house.”
In the long run, net-neutrality advocates worry that charge-for-speed arrangements will stifle innovation. Consumers might miss out on the next Google, the advocates say, because Internet fledglings that lack the cash to pay for faster service are at a disadvantage.
“Strong enforcement of the Commission’s Open Internet principles is the least Congress can do to preserve a free and open Internet, ensuring that networks remain a robustly competitive engine for innovation and economic growth,” said Democratic Rep. Anna Eshoo, whose district includes a large portion of Silicon Valley. “I will utilize every arrow in my quiver, including legislation, to make sure the FCC can carry out this critical mission effectively.”
Others, however, believe that the lack of regulation is what built the Internet as we know it, and they say less regulation will produce new technologies. Referring to the FCC’s decision to classify the Internet as an information service rather than a telecommunications service, Republican Reps. Fred Upton and Greg Walden said in a joint statement Tuesday:
“In the Internet’s infancy, the commission made the right decision to leave it free from the interference of government regulators. Today’s ruling vacates the commission’s attempt to go back on this policy and to smother the Internet with rules designed for the monopoly telephone network.”
Although Verizon said in a statement Tuesday that users’ Internet experience will not change post-ruling, the company’s attorney said during the oral argument in September that Verizon will explore charging websites for faster service if the open Internet rules are overturned.
Net-neutrality advocates got some solace Tuesday, however. The court left intact one piece of the FCC’s rule that requires service providers to disclose which traffic they speed up, slow down, or block altogether.
So, yes, your Internet provider could block access to your favorite site, but it would at least have to tell you that it did.
This story has been updated with a statement from the office of Rep. Anna Eshoo. A previous version included a draft statement from her office.
What We're Following See More »
In a lengthy Facebook post, Mark Zuckerberg responded to reports that Cambridge Analytica had accessed the personal data of 50 million users, and kept the data after being told by the social media company to delete it. "I started Facebook," wrote Zuckerberg, "and at the end of the day I'm responsible for what happens on our platform ... While this specific issue involving Cambridge Analytica should no longer happen with new apps today, that doesn't change what happened in the past." On Monday, Sen. Mark Warner, the top Democrat on the Senate Intelligence Committee, called for “Mr. Zuckerberg and other CEOs” to testify "about social media manipulation in the 2016 election."
"The White House is backing a $1.3 trillion omnibus spending bill despite opposition from some House conservatives ... 'The President and the leaders discussed their support for the bill, which includes more funds to rebuild the military, such as the largest pay raise for our troops in a decade, more than 100 miles of new construction for the border wall and other key domestic priorities, like combatting the opioid crisis and rebuilding our nation’s infrastructure,' White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said in a statement." The details of the bill are expected to be released later today.
The Federal Reserve bumped the key rate from 1.5 to 1.75 percent, "the highest level since 2008 but still low by historical standards." The board "signaled it would raise rates two more times this year, part of an ongoing move away from the extraordinary measures it took to boost the economy during and after the great recession."
"Administration officials said they expect Congress to pass a stopgap bill to avert a third government shutdown this year as lawmakers scramble to finalize a must-pass omnibus spending bill. White House legislative affairs director Marc Short told CNN Tuesday that negotiators are getting closer to reaching an agreement, but there are "too many obstacles to tackle" for the omnibus bill to make it out of the lower chamber by Thursday."