The U.S. Energy Department has awarded a multimillion-dollar research grant to explore new technologies for verifying foreign nonproliferation commitments.
A consortium of universities will use the $25 million grant by the department’s National Nuclear Security Administration over the next half-decade to investigate, among other things, geophysical models for aiding in the confirmation of underground atomic explosions. Research will also look into methods for verifying that nations are not illicitly diverting nuclear materials toward weapons programs, according to an NNSA news release.
Another goal of the research initiative is to prepare a new generation of scientists for careers in the nonproliferation field, said NNSA Deputy Administrator for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Anne Harrington.
“Developing the R&D expertise of tomorrow can take years to cultivate,” she said in a released statement. “But we are linking national laboratories and academia by funding the next generation of researchers to perform complex research and gain understanding of technical challenges in the areas of major importance for the nuclear nonproliferation mission.”
The University of Michigan is leading the group of 13 academic institutions, which will be working with a group of national laboratories on the various projects.
Some researchers will be investigating new technologies aimed at determining whether the quantity and concentration of an atomic-energy site’s nuclear materials actually match the figures declared by the facility to the International Atomic Energy Agency, according to a University of Michigan press release. Developing new verification methods could enable IAEA inspectors to no longer carry out the lengthy and expensive process of opening up sites’ nuclear-material storage containers.
Other scientists are to work on a project focused on confirming that nations are turning atomic warhead material into civilian reactor fuel, and are not processing other, less sensitive materials into fuel as a means of evading their disarmament commitments.
“In Russia, the Megatons to Megawatts program converted hundreds of metric tons from warheads into nuclear fuel used in the U.S.,” Sara Pozzi, a University of Michigan associate professor of nuclear engineering and radiological sciences, said in provided comments. “In these scenarios, again, we need tools to verify that what is being turned into fuel is indeed a nuclear warhead and not some other form of nuclear material.”
What We're Following See More »
Trump, in a statement: “Based on the fact that the Democratic nominating process is totally rigged and Crooked Hillary Clinton and Deborah Wasserman Schultz will not allow Bernie Sanders to win, and now that I am the presumptive Republican nominee, it seems inappropriate that I would debate the second place finisher. ... I will wait to debate the first place finisher in the Democratic Party, probably Crooked Hillary Clinton, or whoever it may be.”
"It's about time for unity," said UAW President Dennis Williams. "We're endorsing Hillary Clinton. She's gotten 3 million more votes than Bernie, a million more votes than Donald Trump. She's our nominee." He called Sanders "a great friend of the UAW" while saying Trump "does not support the economic security of UAW families." Some 28 percent of UAW members indicated their support for Trump in an internal survey.
"Donald Trump on Thursday reached the number of delegates needed to clinch the Republican nomination for president, completing an unlikely rise that has upended the political landscape and sets the stage for a bitter fall campaign. Trump was put over the top in the Associated Press delegate count by a small number of the party's unbound delegates who told the AP they would support him at the convention."
"Clinton and Bernie Sanders "are now devoting additional money to television advertising. A day after Sanders announced a new ad buy of less than $2 million in the state, Clinton announced her own television campaign. Ads featuring actor Morgan Freeman as well as labor leader and civil rights activist Dolores Huerta will air beginning on Fridayin Fresno, Sacramento, and Los Angeles media markets. Some ads will also target Latino voters and Asian American voters. The total value of the buy is about six figures according to the Clinton campaign." Meanwhile, a new poll shows Sanders within the margin of error, trailing Clinton 44%-46%.