Almanac A members-only database of searchable profiles compiled and adapted from the Almanac of American Politics

Biography

Elected: 2010, 3rd term.

Born: July 26, 1976, Montgomery, AL

Home: Montgomery, AL

Education: New York U., B.A. 1998; Samford U., J.D. 2001.

Professional Career: Practicing atty., 2002-04.

Ethnicity: White/Caucasian

Religion: Presbyterian

Family: Married (Riley Roby) , 2 children

Alabama 2nd District Republican Martha Roby has won notice as an articulate conservative in a party trying to reach out to women voters, but she has drawn some flak from the tea party wing for being insufficiently committed to its agenda.

Roby is the daughter of Joel Dubina, a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit. She grew up in Montgomery and received a bachelor’s degree in music from New York University in 1998. After earning a law degree from Samford University in Birmingham, she returned to her hometown to practice law. In 2003, she was elected to the Montgomery City Council. In that role, she led efforts to adopt an ordinance barring city businesses from hiring undocumented workers. In 2007, she won a second term in a landslide election, garnering 82% of the vote.

Immigration emerged as a major issue in her 2010 House race against Democratic incumbent Rep. Bobby Bright. A former mayor of Montgomery, Bright criticized Roby for moving too slowly on her undocumented workers initiative. The National Republican Congressional Committee, which helped Roby, branded the incumbent a “flip-flopper” because he expressed misgivings in a Washington Post story about Arizona’s law giving law enforcement significant new powers to crack down on illegal immigrants.

Roby and the Republicans kept Bright on the defensive. He felt it necessary to become the first Democrat to announce he would not vote for a second time to elect California liberal Nancy Pelosi as speaker of the House. In one campaign ad, Bright boasted of having voted with then-House Minority Leader John Boehner, R-Ohio, 80% of the time. He also played up his endorsements from the National Rifle Association and the National Right to Life PAC. He sometimes campaigned in a “Fire Congress” T-shirt.

The race attracted the attention of some Republican heavyweights, including former Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin and former House Speaker Newt Gingrich of Georgia, both of whom endorsed Roby. The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee spent about $1 million for Bright. But Roby won in a close race, 51%-49%.

Roby got seats on three committees: House Agriculture, Armed Services, and Education and the Workforce. Agriculture is of particular interest to her district, with its large number of peanut growers. After meeting with local farmers, she raised their concerns about the Conservation Reserve Program at a committee hearing with Department of Agriculture administrators. The program is set up to encourage soil conservation, but some farmers argue that it is taking too much land out of production. In addition, her spot on the Armed Services Committee has enabled her to advocate for the Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base and Army post at Fort Rucker in her district. After a bipartisan deal was reached between the Republican leadership and President Barack Obama to raise the debt ceiling, Roby said she voted against final passage because she feared that it could lead to severe defense cuts. “This bill goes much too far,” she said in a statement, arguing that it could result in “devastating and unjustified cuts to our national security.”

Her votes in Congress have already garnered some criticism from the conservative wing of her party. In September 2011, Roby was the subject of a derisive blog post by Erick Erickson of the influential RedState.com. “She has carried water for the leadership” and “betrayed her conservative constituents,” he charged. But Politico named her the most underrated member of the 2010 freshman class in December of that year, saying, “If she’s able to win reelection, she could be a leader of her party.” Recognizing her appeal to younger voters, Mitt Romney’s presidential campaign brought her to North Carolina to stump on his behalf at a September 2012 rally.

To buy Roby some extra insurance after her close defeat of Bright in 2010, Republican redistricters in Alabama shifted the most heavily black Montgomery precincts from the 2nd District to the 7th District. The move ensured that no Democrat, not even Bright, would ever have a chance there again, and Roby in 2012 sailed to reelection over Therese Ford, a retired state government worker, with 64%. Within a week of her victory, she made a bid to join the House Republican leadership, running for GOP conference vice chair, but lost to the slightly more senior Lynn Jenkins of Kansas.

Office Contact Information

MAIN OFFICE

(202) 225-2901

(202) 225-8913

CHOB- Cannon House Office Building Room 442
Washington, DC 20515-0102

MAIN OFFICE

(202) 225-2901

(202) 225-8913

CHOB- Cannon House Office Building Room 442
Washington, DC 20515-0102

DISTRICT OFFICE

(202) 225-2901

(202) 225-8913

217 Graceland Drive Suite 5
Dothan, AL 36305-7376

DISTRICT OFFICE

(334) 794-9680

(334) 671-1480

217 Graceland Drive Suite 5
Dothan, AL 36305-7376

DISTRICT OFFICE

(202) 225-2901

(202) 225-8913

401 Adams Avenue Suite 160
Montgomery, AL 36104-4325

DISTRICT OFFICE

(334) 277-9113

(334) 277-8534

401 Adams Avenue Suite 160
Montgomery, AL 36104-4325

DISTRICT OFFICE

(202) 225-2901

(202) 225-8913

City Hall Room 322
Andalusia, AL 36420

DISTRICT OFFICE

(334) 428-1129

(334) 222-3342

City Hall Room 322
Andalusia, AL 63420-3129

CAMPAIGN OFFICE

3260 Bankhead Avenue
Montgomery, AL 36106+2448

CAMPAIGN OFFICE

(202) 225-2901

(202) 225-8913

PO Box 195
Montgomery, AL 36101

EXPORT CONTACTS » *

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Abortion

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Andrew Ashley
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David Wellen
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Election Results

2014 GENERAL
Martha Roby
Votes: 95,073
Percent: 66.09%
Erick Wright
Votes: 48,789
Percent: 33.91%
2012 GENERAL
Martha Roby
Votes: 180,591
Percent: 63.66%
Therese Ford
Votes: 103,092
Percent: 36.34%
2012 PRIMARY
Martha Roby
Unopposed
2010 GENERAL
Martha Roby
Votes: 111,645
Percent: 50.97%
Bobby Bright
Votes: 106,865
Percent: 48.79%
2010 RUNOFF
Martha Roby
Votes: 39,169
Percent: 60.02%
Rick Barber
Votes: 26,091
Percent: 39.98%
2010 PRIMARY
Martha Roby
Votes: 36,295
Percent: 48.55%
Rick Barber
Votes: 21,313
Percent: 28.51%
Stephanie Bell
Votes: 13,797
Percent: 18.46%
Prior Winning Percentages
2010 (51%)

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