In the downloadable PDF below, House members are assigned separate scores for their roll-call votes on key economic, social, and foreign policy issues during 2013. The members are rated in each of the three issue categories on both liberal and conservative scales, with the scores on each scale given as percentiles. An economic score of 47 on the liberal scale, for example, means that the member was more liberal than 47 percent of his or her House colleagues on the key votes in that issue area during 2013. An asterisk [*] means that the member missed more than half of the rated votes in an issue area.
Composite scores are calculated based on the issue-based scores. Members with the same composite scores are tied in rank.