CORRECTION: The name of economist Carmen Reinhart was misspelled in a previous version of this story.
President Obama has amped up his rhetoric on the job-creation front. He could use some new blood to help him turn it to action.
On Thursday in Michigan, Obama vowed, “Over the coming weeks, I’m going to be putting out more proposals, week by week, that will help businesses hire and put people back to work. And I’m going to keep at it until every single American who wants a job can find one.”
Fourteen million Americans are looking for jobs, which means Obama’s going to need some bigger ideas. For that, he could use a full-strength economic team. Obama’s top economic adviser, Austan Goolsbee, has decamped for his old teaching job in Chicago. His Commerce secretary left for China. His Treasury secretary is stretched thin; the chair of his National Economic Council is smart and savvy but not, technically, an economist.
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It’s a bad time to play short-handed. Growth is sputtering. Markets are trilling. A frustrated public sours more every day on Obama’s economic leadership. And Obama seems to have little chance of winning congressional approval for some of his existing proposals, such as major new infrastructure spending, because of near-record gridlock between Democrats and Republicans in Washington.
The president needs more than new advisers: He needs some bold new advice.
Here are five bold-thinking economists, each nominated by several left-leaning economists surveyed by National Journal as good candidates to fill Goolsbee’s shoes as the chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers.
Paul M. Romer. An NYU professor (no relation to former CEA Chair Christine Romer) and an architect of so-called Modern Growth Theory, which deals with how innovation drives economies forward. Romer’s research transcends the binary spending debates currently dominating the Capitol. He’s interested in the much broader questions of how and why economies grow, and how to harness the power of marketable new ideas to drive growth, especially in a wealthy countries that are struggling to adapt to the rapidly changing economic realities of globalization.
As Romer wrote a few years back: “The challenge now facing all of the industrialized countries is to invent new institutions that encourage a higher level of applied, commercially relevant research and development in the private sector.” That’s not a partisan challenge, and a suite of policies to address it could do wonders for America now and in the future.
Daron Acemoglu. An MIT professor who wins raves from academic counterparts for his intellect, although some doubt that he would want to join the government-policy fray on the inside. Like Romer, he is big into theories of catalyzing innovation and growth – and he’s not shy about offering suggestions.
In a blog post this week for the Harvard Business Review, Acemoglu assessed America’s jobs and debt woes and declares “The Real Solution is Growth.” He frets about patent protection, the pace of innovation and the diversion of top talent to the financial world.
His proposed solutions: Encourage more high-skilled immigrants to settle here, fund more efforts to commercialize research and focus on green energy (an Obama favorite). “All of this is easier to say than it is to do,” Acemoglu writes, “but that's no reason not to use these principles to help us climb out of our current hole.”
Amir Sufi. Professor at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business (Obama! Chicago!), and a leading thinker on the oh-so-troubled housing market. Sufi has written extensively on the damage the foreclosure onslaught has inflicted on the U.S. recovery, and he has argued convincingly that the economy won’t kick back into gear until housing prices are stabilized.
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