As Commerce undersecretary for economic affairs, Doms is a top economic adviser to both the president and the Commerce Department, overseeing a vast number-crunching bureaucracy. He oversees the Census Bureau and the Bureau of Economic Analysis, which have a combined staff of more than 10,000 people and a budget of more than $1 billion. Under Doms, Commerce has done extensive research on the middle class, immigration, jobs, manufacturing, and American competitiveness. For example, a 2012 report highlighted bipartisan ways to promote American innovation and economic competitiveness. Before becoming undersecretary, Doms was the department's chief economist. He has also worked as a senior economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and for the Federal Reserve Board of Governors. Doms, 50, was raised in Baltimore and earned his B.A. in math and economics at the University of Maryland (Baltimore County)and a Ph.D. in economics at the University of Wisconsin (Madison). When he lived in California, Doms was an avid vintner. "It's amazing how much data one amasses when making wine," he says. These days, Doms spends his free time on a new road bike.