The text and graphic (by National Journal's Joey Carolino) below were published in Thursday's National Journal Daily.
The success of the immigration-reform plan proposed by the "Gang of Eight" hinges in large part on border security. The plan pledges to give permanent legal status to the 11 million illegal immigrants in the United States if a strict set of border-security goals are met.
High-risk areas must achieve a border-security effectiveness rate of 90 percent–measured by how many individuals are apprehended or send back. (Effectiveness rates are shown in red circles below.)
A December report from the Government Accountability Office suggests that achieving that goal may not be too far off. Of the Border Patrol's nine southwest-border sectors, five had more than 30,000 apprehensions in fiscal year 2011–the level which triggers the effectiveness requirement. And of those five, two had already achieved an effectiveness rate above 90 percent.
The Tucson, Ariz., border sector, which accounted for more than one-third of all apprehensions in fiscal 2011, had an effectiveness rate of 87 percent. Of hte five sectors with more than 30,000 apprehensions that year, Laredo and the Rio Grande Valley had the lowest rates, at 84 percent and 71 percent, respectively. – Niraj Chokshi