When she first heard the news that she could soon apply for a work permit, undocumented college student Hareth Andrade
was hardly excited - she was skeptical.
"We had so many questions, and we didn't know if this would actually come true for us. We had this period of 60 days to wait," she said.
Her wait ended on Wednesday, when new guidelines took effect allowing about 800,000 eligible undocumented youth to apply for work permits and defer deportation. President Barack Obama and the Department of Homeland Security announced the policy change in June.
Now, Andrade -- who came to the United States from Bolivia when she was 8 -- is "overwhelmed" with excitement. But many of the members of Congress who bristled at the initial announcement have yet to warm to the policy.
The policy change, which is often referred to as "deferred action," accomplished a substantial portion of the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act, legislation that Republican opposition stalled in Congress. Several politicians had criticized Obama for bypassing the legislature with his announcement, including Rep. Steve King, R-Iowa, who said he would sue the administration to halt the policy's implementation.
The policy is similar to a more modest immigration proposal put forward by Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla., that would also grant residency to young immigrants brought to the United States by their parents. His spokesman pointed the Alley to the same statement Rubio released when Obama initially announced the policy, that it is "welcome news for many of these kids desperate for an answer, but it is a short-term answer to a long-term problem,"
"And by once again ignoring the Constitution and going around Congress, this short-term policy will make it harder to find a balanced and responsible long-term one," Rubio said in June.
Meanwhile, many Democratic supporters of the DREAM Act celebrated the policy change on Wednesday. Sen. Bob Menendez
, D-N.J., joined
hundreds of supporters at an event teaching youth about the eligibility rules. Reps. Jim Moran
, D-Va., Jared Polis
, D-Colo., and Joe Baca
, D-Calif., tweeted links
to more information
for their constituents. And Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi
, D-Calif., praised the administration in a statement on Wednesday, while also taking the time to commend congressional Democrats for passing the DREAM Act in 2010.
"Today, because of the strong action of President Obama, Secretary Napolitano, and the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, is an extraordinarily hopeful day for more than a million young people raised and educated here in America but left in legal limbo through no fault of their own," she said.